Ay, Chihuahua! Facts about the World’s Smallest Breed

Chihuahua puppyThe Chihuahua might be small, but this toy breed comes with a big personality and a tenacity that far outweighs many of the big dogs. We all have come to recognize the Chihuahua as the one and only “Yo Quiero Taco Bell” dog, but the fame doesn’t stop there. This dog has starred in a myriad of movies (including Beverly Hills Chihuahua) and seems to be the favorite amongst many famous celebrities and socialites.

What makes this dog so endearing? It might just be a combination of its tiny stature, large eyes, entertaining quirks, and larger-than-life persona. But if that doesn’t cover it, we have created a list of interesting facts about these adorable pups that are sure to make them more appealing than ever.

The Chihuahua is the Smallest Dog Breed in the World

If you can’t tell by the looks of it, this beloved pet is known for being the smallest toy breed of all. Most Chihuahua’s weigh a whopping two to six pounds! Some may be oversized reaching around 12 pounds or more, but this is very uncommon.

The Two Types of Chihuahuas

Chihuahuas come in all shapes and sizes, but there are only two types that have recognition from major kennel clubs—the smooth coat and long coat. While both are the same breed, the thing that sets them apart is the length and texture of their coats. The smooth coat Chihuahuas have shorter hair that is fine and needle-like in texture. The long coats have hair that is thicker and longer with a smooth and silky texture. Long coat Chihuahuas need regular brushing and grooming to avoid mats and tangles.

Interestingly enough, it is also important to be aware that the smooth coats are the type to shed more throughout the year than their long-haired buddies. While the long coats do shed, it is nothing quite like their short-haired counterparts.

long hair Chihuahua head shot

The Mystery of the Chihuahua

Chihuahua’s origins are somewhat of a mystery. Many say that this breed was developed in Egypt over 3000 years ago; while others believe that the dog came from the Ancient Techichi dogs of the Toltec civilization in Central and South America. The third theory is that small hairless dogs from China came to Mexico through Spanish traders and bred with native dogs.

What we do know is that this breed was discovered in the 19th century from the Mexican state of Chihuahua, from which the name was originated. Chihuahua was recognized by AKC (American Kennel Club) in 1904 and now has become one of the most popular breeds in the world.

The Chihuahuas Temperament

The fun-loving and vivacious Chihuahua loves being around its companion. Whether it is a quick trip to the store or a long adventure, these little pups enjoy going everywhere with their owners—hence their claim to fame as the perfect “purse dog.” This breed thrives on affection, having solely been bred and developed as a companion animal.

Chihuahuas are also extremely loyal and devoted to their owners (sometimes almost too loyal) but it is one of the reasons many people love them. They often become very protective and possessive if they lack socialization training early on.

This breed can vary when it comes to its personality—from confident to shy, feisty or mellow, and stubborn or eager to please. The genetic temperament of the parents and grandparents and how pups are raised by their human parents both play a huge role in this. Training your Chihuahua at an early age with healthy dog treats and positive reinforcement is a great way to ensure that they are well behaved.

Chihuahuas, aside from being adorably tiny, are extremely loveable and make a great pet for all ages. If you are looking for a breed that brings a little fun and a lot of zest to your life, then you have met your match with the Chihuahua.